India Advantages – Vision 2020

Mr. Vimal Gandhi President of ITAT, President of AOTCA. Mr Gill Levy, Mr Bharatji Agrawal Sr. Advocate and countrywide President of AIFTP, Dr ok. Shivaram, Chairman of international, Tax conference Committee, Mr. M.L. Patodi the Dy. President AIFTP, foreign delegates, delegates from distinctive elements of our country, members of ITAT, income Tax Tribunal, ladies and gents.
I am honoured to be invited to Inaugurate this primary “worldwide Tax conference” of AIFTP, which is held at Mumbai that is the economic hub of India. I am overjoyed to understand that greater than 50 overseas delegates from 10 countries are attending this conference.
Sitting on the tax bench of excessive court of Bombay I had an possibility to address numerous complex issues which include the provisions of Double taxation agreements, OECD Commentaries and so forth. In one case the issue worried turned into whether or not the Singapore agency having no everlasting establishment in India may be assessed to enterprise earnings thru its retailers in India for canvassing advertisements, we have held as there has been no commercial enterprise connection, the Singapore company cannot be assessed right here.
Let me proportion with you our experience in the excessive courtroom at Mumbai in Mumbai, we’re making a completely honest attempt to deliver down the pendency of cases in high Courts. New matters that are filed, arise for admission within seven days of submitting of the Petition. Depending on the technique of the Bench, even if the petitions are admitted, they will come up for final listening to inside two years. My non-public method has been to eliminate ninety% of the matters at admission level itself after giving an opportunity to the respondent
I am of the opinion that an global seminar like this, offers an opportunity to the Advocates and Chartered Accountants to examine in depth the global taxation problems to better equip themselves.
The topics decided on for discussion are, of severe essential they in nowadays global state of affairs. They are:
a) Doing enterprise in India,
b) Doing business in Australia,
c) switch Pricing,
d) Double taxation agreements,
e) VAT – assessment
f) Mergers and Amalgamation.
g) contemporary traits in international Taxation.
.. There has been a few problem in criminal circles, both in India and overseas approximately the judgment of the Indian ideal courtroom in undertaking international vs. Satyam computer systems mentioned in (2008) four SCC 190. The said judgment has authorized the set apart of foreign awards in India even when India isn’t the seat of arbitration. A taken into consideration evaluation of the judgment would require that one of these challenge be tempered. First off, the said choice isn’t indicative of any nationalistic technique being adopted with the aid of the preferrred court docket ..
The law on the above subjects has many grey regions. In most regions it’s far evolving. This is why it’s miles frequently said, that time and experience facilitates to better recognize and interpret the regulation. This Seminar i’m sure will help immensely to construct a superb platform for the specialists in growing their expertise on the subject of transfer pricing, worldwide taxation, amalgamations and mergers. Such seminars additionally brings collectively people from different regions and permits a better understanding of our cultural diversities and the worldwide financial system.
I am positive the two days discussion could be very fruitful.
1. Technology
Technological improvements have eliminated the geographical boundaries. The world has have become one international village. The speedy improvement of electronic commerce (E.Trade) as a medium for doing commercial enterprise has now end up more hard for tax government. Profits-tax Act, and Double tax avoidance Treaties are based totally on the geographical region and physical presence, consequently the maximum crucial problems of taxation of e trade is,
whom to tax?,
when to tax ?
Wherein to tax ?
And who has jurisdiction to tax?
The high powered committee on E. Trade constituted by means of the critical Board of Direct Taxes in India has forwarded its reviews to government .The expert committee opined that the present profits tax law in India is not broad enough to tax transactions regarding E. Commerce. [( 2001) 251 ITR St 118]. The regulation with regards to taxation of E. Trade is yet to increase.
On the subject of area name, our high court docket in Rediff communique Ltd. Vs. Cyberbooth AIR 2000 Bombay 27 has held that the net domain names are of significance and may be a precious corporate asset. The area name is extra than a web address and is entitled to same protection as trademark.
2. Innovative movement of India in the direction of delicensing and deregulation
The guidelines of the government have changed substantially for the reason that 1991, the yr in which our financial system spread out to foreign investment in a huge way. Privatisation, liberalization, funding pleasant rules, and progressive reform technique have ended in giving a massive boost to our economic system. Nowadays foreign Direct funding is authorized in nearly all sectors barring few sensitive regions along with defence. In addition FDI is allowed in most of the sectors underneath automatic direction, except in a few instances, in which approval from the overseas funding merchandising Board is required.
For attracting overseas traders government. Of India has liberalized forex control Act, delivered data technology Act, cash Laundering Act, right to data Act, Uniform value introduced Tax (VAT), and so forth. The Empowered Committee of state Finance Ministers has been entrusted with getting ready a roadmap for the creation of country wide degree goods and services tax, that’s in all likelihood to be added with impact from 1-4-2010. These are the steps in right route as consistent with the arena financial institution’s report ‘Doing enterprise 2010 – South Asia (SA)’.
In India, processes underneath 2002 Securitization Act have have become extra powerful, easing the process and decreasing the time required to shut a commercial enterprise.
3. Taxation gadget in India
India has a nicely developed tax structure with actually demarcated authority among kingdom Governments and neighborhood our bodies.
Vital authorities levies taxes on profits (except on agricultural profits which state government can best levy), Customs obligations primary Excise and carrier Tax.
Price added Tax (VAT) stamp obligation, state excise, land sales and professional tax are levied by way of the kingdom Governments.
Local bodies are empowered to levy tax on homes, octroi and for utilities like drainage, and so forth.
Indian taxation machine has passed through superb reforms at some point of final decade. Fees had been rationalised and tax legal guidelines were simplified resulting in better tax compliance and higher enforcement. We’ve a totally mature tax machine and tax management. There’s an ongoing system of tax reform. The new Direct taxes code has been in dialogue to simplify the tax law and administration. Corporate tax fee in India is only 35% that’s taken into consideration as one of the lowest inside the developing nations. As in keeping with the proposed Direct taxes code, The proposed uniform company tax costs may be 25 in step with cent for both home and overseas agencies, As in step with the paper file dt 6-11-2009 (monetary specific). Our Finance Minister has stated that “we are trying to bring the new taxation regime, that could remaining for another 50 years. Therefore our endeavour is to look that new tax machine have to include the basic capabilities and time tested procedures of existing Act which have survived judicial scrutiny over time”.
4. Proposals for charter of hello-Tech rapid song industrial divisions in excessive Courts
With rapid increase in trade and change, industrial disputes related to high stakes are in all likelihood to growth. Overseas buyers in India have to be confident that the Indian Courts are as speedy as the Courts in maximum of the developed countries of the arena and there are now not prolonged delays within the judicial technique. With this in thoughts the law fee of India of their 188th document – December 2003 recommended for charter of high-Tech speedy-track commercial divisions in high Courts. At the conference of the leader Ministers of States and the chief Justices of numerous high Courts which was hung on August sixteen, 2009 took the selection that business department be constituted with the aid of the excessive court within itself as and whilst rules in this regard is made and notified via the Parliament. The bill is probably to be delivered in the winter consultation of Parliament this can assist the overseas buyers in a big way. The industrial division will be geared up with all excessive–tech systems and –online submitting device. These courts will be much like the economic Courts of new York, uk and Singapore.
Allow me share with you our revel in in the excessive courtroom at Mumbai in Mumbai, we are making a very sincere try and bring down the pendency of instances in high Courts. Mumbai contributes extra than forty% of direct taxes sales, additionally, 50% of the tax litigation. The pendency of tax litigation now could be very nominal because of the efforts put in by way of the Tax Benches. Among 2007-2009 with the aid of the joint efforts concerning income Tax branch, profits Tax Bar, Registry of the courtroom over 12,000 matters were disposed of. For that reason, as of now, other than writ petitions, the pendency of tax topics is about 1,three hundred. New matters which are filed, arise for admission inside seven days of filing of the Petition. Depending on the technique of the Bench, even if the petitions are admitted, they’ll arise for final hearing inside two years. My private technique has been to take away ninety% of the topics at admission stage itself after giving an possibility to the respondent.
Before the income Tax Appellate Tribunal which is final fact finding authority, the pendency is only forty two,000 appeals. These subjects are disposed of within 365 days of filing of the attraction, even at Mumbai and in smaller locations within six months.
Consequently as some distance as tax litigation is concerned there may be no uncommon postpone in disposal of tax subjects. I might also proportion with you that there’s entire transparency in the functioning of Courts. The purpose listing is to be had on the respective web website online of courts and all orders of high Courts and superb court are to be had on website online. Sitting in any a part of the sector it is easy to get entry to it and employ the equal.

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